|BIBLE STUDY SERIES #206, 207 and 208|
29 October, 1995
By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.
We are studying The Great Plan of The Almighty God for the reconstitution of the Creation into a more perfect accord with His own mighty purposes. This series of Scripture studies began in Genesis 12, with God's Call to Abram, and it has followed his descendants, the Tribes of Israel, into Egypt, and then, under the leadership of Moses, through The Exodus, into Sinai where they are now experiencing the new order of wilderness life and, through Moses, an indirect interaction with Almighty God, in which they have covenanted to become the national wife of Yahweh, their God.
Having sinned in the impatient creation of a focus of worship of a golden calf during Moses' absence with God at Sinai's summit, God is now granting a renewal of relationship with a re-affirmation of certain commandments. When the Israelites enter their Promised Land, they are not to mingle with, nor adopt the cultural and religious norms of the inhabitants of the land. Canaan is idolatrous, and they are not to associate themselves with this idolatry.
On the last study we had begun, with an examination of Exodus 34:11-13, a passage in which we find mention of "the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite", to take a closer look at some of these Cananites whose immorality so angered The Almighty. The Canaanitish religions were of such a nature that Israel was strictly warned, not only to have nothing to do with them, but rather, in a puritanical zeal, they are to totally eradicate such.
Now who were those peoples whose practices were to be thus abhorred? We shall only have time today to introduce some of those peoples who are listed, so we will begin with the Amorites. These Amorites, according to The New Bible Dictionary, were scattered throughout the hill country on either side of the Jordan. Abraham had an alliance with the Amorites of Hebron and, with their aid, routed the four kings who had attacked the Dead Sea plain, including the Amorite town of Hazazon-Tamar (Gn. xiv. 5-7). The name was also used as a general term for the inhabitants of Canaan (Gn. xlviii. 22; Jos. xxiv. 15). Ezekiel well indicates the mixed population of Palestine (caused largely by the continuous infiltrations of desert dwellers), describing Jerusalem as the offspring of Amorite and Hittite (Ezk. xvi. 3, 45)." [That passage says of Jerusalem "...Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of Canaan; thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite."]
The reference continues: "During the latter half of the third millennium BC, Sumerian and Akkadian inscriptions refer to the Amorites... as a desert people unacquainted with civilized life, grain, houses, cities, government. Their headquarters were in the mountain of Basar, probably Jebel Bishri north of Palmyra. About 2000 BC these people, who had been infiltrating for centuries, moved into Babylonia in force. They were partly responsible for the collapse of the powerful IIIrd Dynasty of Ur and took over the rule of several towns... An 'Amorite' dynasty was established at Babylon... and its most powerful king, Hammurabi, conquered the two other important 'Amorite' states of Assur and Mari (c. 1750 BC). Amorites are traceable by linguistic, mainly onomastic, evidence." [Onomastic, the dictionary informs us, relates to a study of the derivations of names.] The reference continues: "Such is not always reliable or conclusive and, while these dynasties were clearly of western origin, their right to the name 'Amorite' is disputed. The 20,000 texts found at Mari... are mostly written in Akkadian with many west-Semitic features. The Hebrew Patriarchs may well have spoken this language, and their names include distinctive 'Amorite' forms (e.g. termination in -el, 'god').
The Mari texts give information about nomadic tribes in Syria, notably the Mare-Yamina (or possibly Bene-Yamina) connected with the area of Mount Basar. Another group had settled in the Lebanon and engaged in the trading of horses. This kingdom survived into the period of the Amarna letters and the XIXth Dynasty of Egypt when tribute is recorded from the state of Amor. The capital of this seems to have been the port of Sumur... south of Arvad." This is the country mentioned in Joshua 13:4 and is the area along the Syrian coast.
The reference continues: "the general unrest of the years c. 2100-1800 BC both in Mesopotamia and in Palestine was closely connected with increased Amorite movement. The break in occupation of several Palestinian cities between the Early and Middle Bronze Age was caused by an influx of Nomadic folk who left only graves behind them. The pottery of these people has clear affinities with pottery from Syria, which may indicate that they were related 'Amorites'... The journeys of Abraham may be associated with the latter part of this period.
At the time of the Israelite invasion of Palestine, Amorite kings (Sihon of Heshbon and Og of Bashan) ruled most of Transjordan (Jos. xii. 1-6; Jdg. i. 36). the conquest of these two kings was the first stage of the possession of the Promised Land and was looked upon as a most important event in Israelite history... Gad, Reuben, and half of Manasseh occupied this territory... and it later formed one of the twelve regions supporting Solomon's court... The men of Ai are called Amorites... and Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon were Amorite principalities which Israel overcame... Northern Amorites aided the king of Hazor... After the land was settled, the Amorites became menials and were gradually absorbed... Their evil memory remained, providing comparison for the idolatry of Ahab and Manasseh...
The Canaanites, according to The New Bible Dictionary, were "a Semitic-speaking people and their territory, principally in Phoenicia. Their racial affinities are at present uncertain. The name Canaan... of people and land derives from that of their forebear Canaan of Kna'. Canaan was son of Ham, grandson of Noah, who laid a curse upon him (Gn. ix. 18, 22-27). In Gn. x. 15-19 eleven groups who historically inhabited Phoenicia in particular and Syria-Palestine in general are listed as his descendants.
The name Canaanites-Phoenicians applied to them both in Greek sources and by the Phoenicians themselves (...on their coins). Its meaning is unknown. The Hurrians form of the word was applied to the Canaanites' characteristic product... that of purple dye and cloth so dyed. (It is still not properly determined whether kinahhe signifies red-purple or blue-purple.)
'Canaan' in both Scripture and external sources has a threefold reference. First and fundamentally it indicates the land and inhabitants of the Syro-Palestinian coastland, especially Phoenicia proper... on the coastlands and the valleys and plains, including the Jordan valley, and Amorites and others in the hills. Secondly, Canaan(ites) can also cover by extension the hinterland and so Syria-Palestine in general. Thus Gn. x. 15-19 includes also the Hittite, Jebusite, Amorite, Hivite, and Girgashite, explaining that 'the families of the Canaanite spread abroad' (verse 18); this wider area is defined as extending coastally from Sidon to Gaza, inland to the Dead Sea cities of Sodom and Gomorrah and apparently back up north to Lasha... In their Amarna letters (14th century BC) kings of Babylon and elsewhere sometimes use 'Canaan' for Egypt's Syro-Palestinian territories generally. Thirdly the term 'Canaanite' can bear the more restricted meaning of 'merchant, trafficker', trading being a most characteristic Canaanite occupation. The term Amorite can likewise stretch to cover Canaan generally, and Abraham reaches and is promised 'Canaan', but occupation is delayed as 'the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full'. Attempts to assert differing authorship of portions of Scripture on account of such overlap in application of the terms does not account for similar usage among external sources in the neighbouring lands.
In religion, the Canaanites had an extensive pantheon, headed by El. More prominent in practice were Baal (lord), i.e. Hadad the storm-god..., and Dagon. The goddesses Asherah, Astarte (Ashtaroth), and Anath-like Baal- had multi-coloured personalities and violent characters; they were goddesses of sex and war...Animals were sacrificed to the gods plus libations. Possibly the qdsm of the Ugaritic texts were cult-prostitutes. The Canaanite religion appealed to the bestial and material in human nature.
Ashtaroth, Ashtoreth was a mother goddess with aspects as goddess of fertility, love, and war, known to the Israelites through the Canaanites... The name was common in one form or another, among many of the Semitic-speaking peoples of antiquity. In Mesopotamia Istar was identified with the Sumerian mother goddess Inanna.
The name Baal means 'master', 'possessor', or 'husband'. When the Israelites entered Canaan they found that every piece of land had its own deity, its 'owner'. There were thus many 'Baals'; the Hebrew plural be'alim appears in English as Baalim... The gods of individual localities had appropriate surnames, e.g. Baal-peor (Nu. xxv. 3)."
We are about out of time, and will have to defer further study until the next programme. Before closing, however, I might interject an aside at this point. As we of the British-Israel-World Federation see the modern descendants of the Israelites to be, in the main, the Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred peoples, any evidence which may assist in establishing the matter is welcome. I would therefore note that the English words "bail" meaning "release through provision of security", "pale" meaning a narrow piece of wood driven into the ground for use in enclosing grounds, or an enclosed district, "palisade" meaning a wall or barrier which encloses an area and "bailiff" meaning a king's officer, governor or magistrate of an area" all appear to have a common denominator in this meaning of "lord" or "master", and hence to be derivatives of that more ancient term which also meant "lord", namely, "Baal."
Let me leave with you, by way of a meditation, a question. "Are we Christians, today, failing to uphold the teachings of Our Lord through a mis-placed tactful regard for the beliefs of others?" If we believe sincerely that our religious position is the truth, are we not, then, obliged to witness to another who, by our understanding, moves towards a precipice in the night. Love of our neighbour demands that we give warning of danger ahead. It is love, not hate which would impel us to speak the truth as we see it.
5 November, 1995
By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.
Our ongoing series of Bible Studies are prepared with a view to the outline of The Great Plan of The Almighty God for the restitution of all things back into a more perfect accord with the ultimate purposes of the whole history of Creation. We began this particular series with a study of God's Call to Abram, but, of course, the background to this story began with the Garden of Eden and even before that. Our present study might be characterised as an approach which is designed to draw the attention of listeners to the marvellous oversight of God's Great Plan in the apparently haphazard reports which are found in Holy Writ.
We followed the descendants of Abraham, through Isaac and Jacob, into Egypt, and later watched as The Almighty drew them out again through the great prophetic signs and wonders of The Exodus, into the Wilderness of Sinai where we are presently viewing the occurrences which are recorded in Exodus 34. There, Moses is acting as intermediary between Yahweh, the God of Israel, and the rest of the Israelite Nation. We had, on the former programme, seen how Moses is receiving further instruction from God, regarding the forthcoming entry to Canaan, and the forbidden nature of the temptation towards what we can only call the sin of multi-cult amalgamations which awaited the Israelites there.
The scripture passage which mentions these Canaanites is Exodus 34:11-13, in which we read God's warning words to Moses:
11. Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
12. Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:
13. But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:
I had commented upon some of these Cannanitish peoples, and briefly upon two of the gods of these Canaanites, Ashtoreth and Baal, and I had begun a quotation concerning the latter from The New Bible Dictionary, to which I now want to return. Speaking of Baal, that reference indicates the attachment of the name Baal, which means "lord" or "master" to a number of geographical localities. However, if we continue with the quotation we find the further development of this false religion with these words:
"But the word gradually became a proper name, to indicate the great fertility god of the Cananites. (Similarly Marduk, the chief Babylonian deity, was called 'Bel', which became a proper name.) Some consider 'the Baal' to have been the sun-god, in view of the temple to him at Beth-shemesh ('house of the sun'); but the two are clearly distinguished in 2 Ki. xxiii. 5. The Baal cults affected and challenged the worship of Yahweh throughout Israelite history. The incident on Mt. Carmel was the outstanding battle between the two; The particular Baal favoured by Ahab was Melqart, the seat of whose worship was at Tyre, Jezebel's home. The Baal rites not only involved the usual lascivious practices of fertility cults, but even such abominations as child sacrifice (cf. Je. xix. 5). The worship of Baal was often linked with that of the goddess Ashtoreth, and the use of the Asherah pole... Yahweh was the 'master', and 'husband' of the Israelites, and therefore they called Him 'Baal', in all innocence. But naturally this led to confusion of the worship of Yahweh with the Baal rituals, and it presently became essential to call Him by some different title, and ,Is(h), another word meaning 'husband', was proposed (Ho. ii. 16). Once the title 'Baal' was no longer applied to Yahweh, personal names incorporating the word were likely to be misunderstood. So boset ('shame') tended to replace ba'al in such names. Thus Esh-baal and Merib-baal (I Ch. viii.33f.) are better known as Ish-bosheth (2 Sa. ii.8) and Mephibosheth (2 Sa. ix.6).
Various Baals included Baal-berith, 'Lord of the covenant' at Shechem, Baal-Gad, the northern limit of Israelite conquest, Baal-Hazor, a mountain 9 miles NNW from Bethel, Baal-meon in the territory of Reuben, Baal-zebub, meaning 'lord of the flies', the god of Ekron and Baal-zephon, meaning 'lord of the north', in the Egyptian East Delta, near which the Israelites camped during their Exodus.
Having looked at the Amorites we might now move ahead to the rest of the list. The Hittites were a powerful nation in Asia Minor, and dominated the region of Syria. Hittites were a group called 'the children of Heth', a son of Canaan. The name was also spread to the people and lands dominated by the Hittites. Smelting of iron became a specialty, and initiated "the Iron Age". Hittites occupied the central ridge in Judah, around Hebron, and it was from such that Abraham bought the field in which he buried Sarah. Esau married two daughters of Heth. Jerusalem, according to Ezekiel 16:3,45 had a mixed Hittite and Amorite foundation.
The Perizzite were widely scattered throughout Canaan but more frequently they inhabited the hills and the name may simply mean village dwellers.
The Hivites were descended of one of the sons of Canaan, and appear to be especially associated with the hills of Lebanon, and also to have dwelt in Shechem and near Gibeon.
The Jebusites, descendants of the third son of Canaan, dwelt in the hills about Jerusalem, which early received the name Jebus from them.
These, then, are the main assortment of peoples living in the Promised Land as the Israelites, now free of their years of Egyptian bondage, are preparing to grasp their God-established inheritance. If we stop to ponder the matter for even a moment, I feel sure that we can have little wonder at the strictures whereby The Almighty God is demanding the exclusive devotion of His people, His national Israel Wife, to Himself. After all, the gods and goddesses of the Canaanites were all false gods and goddesses; the products of corrupt minds filled with lust and holding no higher commitment than selfish satisfaction. Even the Canaanites' own babies were considered expendable in the fires of Molech. It was to this god, apparently connected with Baal-Melqart, to whom, as the New Bible Dictionary shows, human sacrifices were offered at Tyre. Yahweh, Israel's God, knew the horrifying outcome if His people merged their religious practices with those of the Canaanites.
Indeed Jeremiah 32:35 records the words of Yahweh, telling us in a later time "And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin."
Moreover, the Canaanitish religions formed the religious excuses for some of the most lascivious and debased behaviour it would be possible to imagine. Yet, for all this, we are given to understand in Scripture, that our own people, in the Last Days, are to be in great danger of sliding totally towards the very same depraved sexual and sensual practices augmented by modern invention and perhaps even less inhibition than had those whom God condemned to death so long ago for these practices.
If you want to read some New Testament references concerning these warnings to ourselves, you might begin by looking up the Scripture passages in II Timothy 3:1-7 and also 3:12-13 which contain these words of Paul:
1. This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
2. For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
3. Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,
4. Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
5. Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
6. For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
7. Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.
And moving to verse 12:
12. Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
13. But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
This is the continuation of the Exodus passage:
14. For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:
15. Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;
16. And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.
17. Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.
The parallels to conditions in our own day might well become depressing. On behalf of Our God, allow me to address a few words to those of Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred origins. The "politically correct" in our midst tell us that we must, in effect, totally ignore the God of our fathers in order to adopt congenial and tactful attitudes towards the purveyors of false gods which are honoured by alien cultures. Our fathers were those very same Biblical Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, as we of the British-Israel-World Federation continually draw to the attention of our friends and relations, and Our God is the God of The Bible.
This condition among us is a fulfilment of prophecy. Yet we know that at Christ's Second Advent, matters will be swiftly and strictly cleaned up, among those who descend from the Tribes of ancient Israel, for He will not be King in a land thus corrupted. The Kingdom of God will be just that. A Kingdom ruled by Him, and from which all who hold to false gods, and who commit such practices will be excluded. Exodus 34, regarding those Canaanites, has therefore a most important lesson for our own folk even to the present hour. May consideration of that lesson form a meditation for the coming week.
12 November, 1995
By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.
I feel moved to spend some time today in the treatment of a topic which does not fall into the sequence which we have been following for many months and indeed, some years past. Normally I would be addressing our attention to the passage found in Exodus 34 and I do intend returning to that sequence on our next programme. However, for today only, I wish to move our thoughts to a topic which I feel has been directly laid upon me at this time.
The world's financial problems are, it seems, precariously perched upon a structure of debt, denominated in fictitious and variable units that are trafficked by electronic means at lightning speed among the banking systems of the world. Such trading naturally reflects, and results in, the creation of great financial disparities. Indeed that seem to be the chief object of the entire operation on the part of the major organizers, and we have probably all had some experience with the press towards monopoly that unfolds as one power squeezes another to the wall and bankrupts the unfortunate loser. In the past, students of international affairs have argued that World Wars and Civil Wars, though the participants were probably persuaded to engage in these for completely different reasons, have been fought in large measure to protect economic empires. One might characterise it as a sort of deadly game of musical chairs, in which, after elimination of the masses from contention, eventually, one chair is left to be sought by two great financial competitors.
These empires, as we are told, were created and dominated by financial families whose assets were largely based upon a system of debt-usury which Biblical Students have come to associate with ancient Babylon. Indeed, the Babylonian financial system has held power throughout much of history, regardless of which of a succession of political empires held sway at one time or another. The Bible appears to indicate that a timespan of 2520 years is associated with this mandate, which was to operate during the centuries of Israel's punishment and displacement from world pre-eminence.
Christ's words in Matthew 22:21, "Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's" commanded the correct response to Israelites who were at the time still enduring the 2520 years of punishment for national sin. Rome was the fourth, and most powerful of the Babylonian succession of Empires, and at the time when Christ was asked for a reply it was by God's own edict that this condition existed. Christ was saying, in effect "Israel sinned, and the years of punishment under Babylonian domination are still in force, render therefore that which you must pay to this God-imposed oppressive punishment!
I have on several recent occasions been asked by a number of friends and acquaintances to say something regarding my own views concerning the correct Biblical response to the present precarious condition. One question might be paraphrase in these words: "If there should come a financial "melt-down" or collapse in which the money disappears, what ought a Christian to do?" Now that might be a question on more than a few minds of those who hear these words, so I felt moved, as I said, to put some thoughts together for this short talk.
First, we might look at the more obvious aspects of our predicament. One is, superficially, drawn to comment that there appears to be a lack of money for many needed services which society has come to expect. We close hospitals and press for more stringent expenditures in education and various government operations. The need for security in an amoral world drains resources into the necessary provision of police and armed forces. Our personal costs appear to be moving upwards constantly, and taxes settle everywhere like hoar-frost upon the financial lifeblood of the nation. The whole system seems to be stifled and the circulation slowed because of the debts incurred generations ago by the national governments of the time and the dictated policies of powerful international-financial institutions to which we are said to be indebted to the point of insolvency.
What is wrong with this whole picture? We have all the resources we require. We have the heritage of technical expertise which would allow for the production of great wealth to every citizen. We have the minerals and the forests, the required sources of power and the physical industrial plant, the available labourers and the education to provide all that is desired. What we call "money" is hoarded and that which circulates, we are told, belongs to someone else from whom it was "borrowed" those many generations ago.
But "money" is whatever a group of people agree to call money. Playing cards signed by the governor, or a hoard of gold coins can alike be deemed money, as, indeed, can counterfeit bills if the counterfeit is not discovered! I would ask, "Which is the counterfeit? Is it the bill placed in circulation by hand, which facilitates trade, or the fictitious creation of a banker's computer, called a 'loan'?" And what difference lies between inflation caused by the circulation of an additional supply of counterfeit bills from a secret printing press, and a flood of new "loan money" creation by a bank, to permit the indebted recipients to service previous indebtedness and thus dig themselves further into debt?
Here is God's Word to His Israel people:
Exodus 22:25: "If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury."
Of "thy brother", Leviticus 25:36-37 says "Take thou no usury of him, or increase..."
Nehemiah 5:7: "Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I set a great assembly against them.
The Psalmist asks in Psalm 15, LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? Part of the answer is found in verse 5: "He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent..."
Isaiah 24:2 speaks of the LORD making the earth empty and waste, and one part of the cursed scene is the practice of usury.
In Jeremiah 15:10 the prophet presents a picture of the innocent suffering, though "I have neither lent on usury, nor men have lent to me on usury..."
In a parable of Our Lord, quoted in Matthew 25:27 and Luke 19:23, a lord expects his servants to increase his money through usury. However that is lawful under certain circumstances which we find in Deuteronomy 23:19-20, which says "Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury..." For strangers, such usury was the normal financial practice.
British-Israelites hold that the generally Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred peoples are present day descendants of ancient Israel. Usury was totally forbidden to an Israelite when making loans to fellow Israelites, or receiving them, according to God's Law System, and there was very good reason for this. Usury of even the slightest amount results eventually and inexorably in ever mounting debt with mathematical certainty. There is no evading the fact. Struggles to scrape together taxes from the populace, or to "tighten our belts" are simply diversionary. Such strivings cannot re-supply a system in which all supplies of money are already a debt from the instant of their creation.
If we turn to Deuteronomy 28, we read of all the blessings which will belong to God's Nation of Israel if the people are willing to honour God and implement His Laws. There follows, in the same chapter, a list of curses which will overtake the nation that refuses this option. A blessing in verse 12 says "The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow." It seems that we are allowing our enemies to dictate our financial arrangements to us because they are first able to dictate what religion we will follow. Which God do we worship?
No politician seems to be daring enough to grasp the nettle and tell the bankers who, at no cost to themselves, loan us billions of fictional units by which all ownership slips to their grasp that they have perpetrated a giant fraud upon our people. Actually, it is not we who owe everything to the bankers, but the bankers who owe everything to us! It is like Pharaoh demanding unpaid labour from Israel to build his treasure cities. Judgment will as surely follow.
Mammon means, according to Young's Concordance, "wealth, riches" so, to answer the question posed at the start of this talk we might review Christ's parable of the inefficient wasteful steward, in words found in Luke 16:9 "Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations. That verse, in the New English Bible, reads "use your worldly wealth to win friends for yourselves, so that when money is a thing of the past you may be received into an eternal home."
The next verses state:
10. He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much.
11. If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?
12. And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own?
13. No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
That last verse, incidentally, also appears in Matthew 6:24. The sense of the whole passage seems to be this: "Use your money, even though it is fraudulently generated, to make friends for both yourself and your God, looking to the eventual benefits when this money will no longer have any value." To put it in simple terms, "convert the money to that which will have lasting value before the value of money (mammon) evaporates! May these meditations be of assistance to you as you ponder your options in this important area of life.
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