BIBLE STUDY SERIES #527, 528 and 529

30 December, 2001

DEUTERONOMY 28: THE BUT... CLAUSES (CURSES)

By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.

Our series of Bible Studies on the Great Plan by which The Almighty God is steadily drawing His Creation towards the perfection of His Kingdom reveals that this plan centres upon the formation of one selected line of people chronicled in The Scriptural Record, which descends through Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and thence through the whole history of the nation of Israel, and therein to provide, in the person of Jesus Christ, the focal point of His mighty purpose. This series has brought us from the call of Abram in Genesis 12, down to today's study in the "But..." or "Curses" portion of Deuteronomy 28.

These curses (verses 15-68) cover nearly four times the number of verses assigned to the blessings, as they are more needful to be understood. In the last Study, we have seen the splendour of the glorious blessing which would come upon the righteous nation of Israel, but now we shall see how Israel's deviance from God's Laws will result in many grevious Curses descending upon the people. Perhaps we only have time to read the Scripture passage today, beginning at verse 15. Some noteworthy comments might be left for the next Study.

15. But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:
16. Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field.
17. Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store.
18. Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep.
19. Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out.
20. The LORD shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken me.
21. The LORD shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until he have consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest to possess it.
22. The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.
23. And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.
24. The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
25. The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
26. And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray them away.
27. The LORD will smite thee with the botch of Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not be healed.
28. The LORD shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart:
29. And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee.
30. Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof.
31. Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof: thine ass shall be violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee: thy sheep shall be given unto thine enemies, and thou shalt have none to rescue them. 32. Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given unto another people, and thine eyes shall look, and fail with longing for them all the day long: and there shall be no might in thine hand.
33. The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:
34. So that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.
35. The LORD shall smite thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thy head.
36. The LORD shall bring thee, and thy king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation which neither thou nor thy fathers have known; and there shalt thou serve other gods, wood and stone.
37. And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee.
38. Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather but little in; for the locust shall consume it.
39. Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.
40. Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with the oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit.
41. Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but thou shalt not enjoy them; for they shall go into captivity.
42. All thy trees and fruit of thy land shall the locust consume.
43. The stranger that is within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low.
44. He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt not lend to him: he shall be the head, and thou shalt be the tail.
45. Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded thee:
46. And they shall be upon thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever.
47. Because thou servedst not the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things;
48. Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee.
49. The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand;
50. A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor shew favour to the young:
51. And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee.
52. And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
53. And thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters, which the LORD thy God hath given thee, in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee:
54. So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave:
55. So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat: because he hath nothing left him in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee in all thy gates.
56. The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter,
57. And toward her young one that cometh out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates.
58. If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD;
59. Then the LORD will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance.
60. Moreover he will bring upon thee all the diseases of Egypt, which thou wast afraid of; and they shall cleave unto thee.
61. Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
62. And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because thou wouldest not obey the voice of the LORD thy God.
63. And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it.
64. And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone.
65. And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind:
66. And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life:
67. In the morning thou shalt say, Would God it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.
68. And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you.

Do keep in mind that we, of the British-Israel-World Federation assert the thesis that the great majority of the descendants of the ancient Tribes of Israel are today found as the Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred peoples, a statement which may lend enhanced meaning to these words of our Scriptures. We shall supply some comments on today's reading in the next Study.

6 January, 2002

RENEWAL OVERVIEW

By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.

Our present series of ongoing Bible Studies began several years ago with God's Call to Abram in Genesis 12. We have moved through the Scriptures successively, down to Deuteronomy 28. However today, I wish to consider with the passing of the year a review of something which was presented several years ago on this programme, but which is appropriate for this time, and, as we have just lost our First Vice-President to a highway accident, this month, it is thus even more important to consider how short our times can be.

Today, we are looking at a New Year which has already begun. If you are like myself you will probably continue, in a state of sporadic absent-mindedness, to date cheques or newspaper clippings with the wrong year for a while and it may take a week or so until you are "tuned in" to the current designation. Those who are younger, and hence sharp of mind, of course, will have easily begun on the right footing at midnight of January 1st of the New Year, and have no trouble at all! That leads me to consider how we age, and the fallible nature of mind and body as our years are spent. Many who are older will testify that they are not getting older in mind. They are still the person that they were when they were a 'teen-ager, but now their body just keeps slowing them up a bit so that they find it a little bit harder, perhaps even a bit of a challenge, to make the grade which they always remember to have been the easiest of accomplishments. They are the same youth in their mind and their attitudes as they always were, but another thing will intrude almost immediately into their thoughts. They were always restrained, mature of judgment, settled upon the correct patterns of life. The younger generation in chronological age, whom they observe around them, don't seem to appreciate all the finer things of heritage and culture which interested them when they were younger. Why, they may ask themselves, does this happen?

One older teacher remarked "I see no hope for the future if it is dependent on the frivolous youth of today, for certainly all youth are reckless beyond words.... When I was a boy, we were taught to be discreet and respectful of others, but the present youth are exceedingly unwise and impatient of restraint."

Another teacher has stated "The children love luxury. They have bad manners, contempt for authority, show disrespect for elders, and love to chatter in place of exercise. They no longer rise when elders enter the room. They contradict their parents, chatter before company, gobble up dainties at the table, cross their legs and tyrannize their teachers."

Still another teacher wrote "Our youth have an insatiable desire for wealth; they have bad manners and atrocious customs regarding dressing and their hair and what garments or shoes they wear."

Yet another commentator has stated "The world is passing through troublesome times. The young people of today think of nothing but themselves. They have no reverence for parents or old age. They are impatient of all restraint; they talk as if they alone know everything...."

Do these impressions of the younger generation reflect the views of the more mature folk among our own listening audience? Do those statements seem to "ring a bell" with yourself? If so, then you may find food for thought in what follows.

Of course, the same thing has happened before, indeed centuries ago! I have just proved it, for the first teacher I quoted above was Hesiod, in the 8th Century, B.C.. The second was Socrates, in the 5th Century B.C., the third was Plato, in the 4th Century B.C., and the last was Matthew Paris, writing in the 13th Century A.D.! One of the benefits of my own lifetime occupation as a teacher and Geography Department Head in a High School is that I was able to cull those quotations from "Ontario Educational Dimensions" of January/February, 1977 to which periodical I acknowledge my indebtedness!

Now those comments were spoken, in some cases, millennia ago. Either they are accurate statements of the descending hierarchy of merit as each generation has stepped down the ladder by degrees, which is possible, but which conclusion would leave the elders of our own time very near the bottom of the staircase and but one rank above the basest of mankind, namely the present younger generation, or alternatively, the frivolous youth of every generation has eventually matured, and by God's Grace, made the grade in spite of the disapproving stares of their elders. Holding hope that the latter is the case, I would venture to suggest that there is, then, yet hope for our own younger generation to follow their prepared course towards the values and attainments which will place their merits in the history books alongside those of each preceding generation.

The Almighty God has given His word that He will not forsake His people, but will, at the appointed time, bring forth a result both reassuring to the elders and satisfying to their youth, inasmuch as He had indicated that He will draw them to Himself, even as He has done in former times without number, through the preaching of the Gospel of The Kingdom.

The final three verses of the Old Testament are those of the Prophet Malachi, who states:

4. Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.
5. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:
6. And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.

We, of the British-Israel-World Federation, believe that the prophesied modern-day descendants of the ancient deported Tribes of Israel are, in the main, presently to be found within the generally Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred peoples. These, moving out from the lands of their captivity towards the North and West by a variety of braided routes and chronologically disjointed displacements, gradually, over the course of up to twenty-five hundred years, merged into the predominant populations of the nations of North-West Europe and their subsequent overseas colonies. No other vast populace comes anywhere near to fulfilling all the numerous prophetic clues and marks which were to attach to, and to define, the Israel nations of the latter times.

In order to verify this, we need only look to the varied and magnificent promises made by The Almighty God to the Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and to King David, among others, and to compare the list with the qualifications of all the various possible competitors for the honour. If you would question these words, check, as just one example, the prophetic words found in the 49th chapter of Genesis to see the distinct tribal characteristics of the then future descendants of the tribes which would develop from each of Jacob's twelve sons in "the last days." This National Message is clearly enfolded within the pages of Holy Writ, and those holding our viewpoint have sought to expound the matter over the course of the last one hundred and twenty years. We see the proofs all about us, even to the seeming departure of glory and present deprivation of power attendant upon those peoples today. We believe that it is now high time for renewal of the spirit of discernment and the time when we must seek to implement those words of the Prophet Malachi. It is this which motivates us, though admittedly it sometimes appears to be a case of "up-hill sledding", to speak the truth as we see it, and to "let the chips fall where they may", as the old expression puts it.

According to the words of the Prophet Malachi, someone will be raised up to "turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers." We believe that it is indeed the allotted task of those of God's servants who have clearly perceived these matters to serve Our God, and our fellow man by placing them before the public in this, our own generation. How is the matter to be approached? The answer is to be found in verse 4: "Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments." That means that we shall have to explain the whole matter of the Old Testament Law and the Grace which is contained therein.

One cannot have Grace without Law, for, If we hold that "the law", having been "nailed to the Cross", we henceforth have no obligation to obey the Law, then we are in a state of lawlessness, and consequently whatever we do cannot logically be called "Sin." It must follow from that position that we do not, therefore incur any penalty of death for ignoring and breaking that Law. This being the case, we don't need any Saviour to show us His Grace by taking our punishment upon Himself for we have no such punishment impending! If this seems too hard, then take the steps in reverse order. What is the "Saviour" saving us from if we have incurred no penalty because we have no obligation to obey the Law and hence no sin? The true situation is that the "Law" which was "nailed to the Cross" was simply the Law contained in Ordinances regarding the form which the substitutionary sacrifice was to take.

As Matthew 5:17-19 shows us, Christ made no commandment whatsoever which would remove our obligation to obey the "Law of Moses", for that Law was, in fact, His own set of Commandments which He, in pre-incarnate form, had delivered to Moses. Many have dreadfully misconstrued the matter to the ultimate endangerment of multitudes.

It is the clarification and clear understanding of this matter which must be transmitted, in the spirit and power of Elijah, in order to "turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers", and it must be done "before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD", lest He (The Almighty God) "come and smite the earth with a curse." Now note this and study it well! If there is to be no longer any obligation to obey the Law, then no law would have been broken. In that case, why would such a "curse" be imposed? We are to obey God's Law. Let this be the subject of our continuing study as we progress through the Scriptures in the days and weeks ahead.

13 January, 2002

DEUTERONOMY 28: THE BUT... CLAUSES (COMMENTS)

By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.

Our series of Bible Studies on the Great Plan by which The Almighty God is steadily drawing His Creation towards the perfection of His Kingdom reveals that this plan centres upon the formation of one selected line of people chronicled in The Scriptural Record, which descends through Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and thence through the whole history of the nation of Israel, and therein to provide, in the person of Jesus Christ, the focal point of His mighty purpose. This series has brought us from the call of Abram in Genesis 12, down to today's study which moves to some noteworthy comments which we held over from the last Study in the "But..." or "Curses" portion of Deuteronomy 28.

In a previous Study, in the first portion of Deuteronomy 28, we had seen the splendour of the glorious blessing which would come upon the righteous nation of Israel, but afterwards we had seen how Israel's deviance from God's Laws would result in many grievous Curses descending upon the people.

You might wish to have your Bibles open to that 28th Chapter of Deuteronomy, and verses 15 to 68, which we read in their entirety on our last Bible Study, the better to understand the comments based thereon. Perhaps we should begin by reading the comments from The Companion Bible. In a chapter such as this, many terms seem somewhat archaic, and thus require definitions. We may note that the listed curses may come upon us even today, for the root cause is given by Scripture as our disobedience of God's Laws.

At verse 21, and the mention of "pestilence", that word draws the note "Probably true Oriental plague." Consumption, fever, inflammation, and extreme burning, listed in the next verse, draw similar suggestions as to their possible meanings. The "inflammation", it is suggested, relates to malaria. The words "shall cause" project the results of disobedience into the future. In verse 26 "fray", an Old English term, means "frighten". At verse 27 "botch = elephantiasis." "emerods" is the Old English spelling of Hemorrhoids ... and "scab = aggravated psoriasis." In verse 33, "labours is put ... for the result or fruit of them."

Moving to verse 37, "nations = peoples" and the locust of verse 38 is Hebrew 'arbeh. - Used of the Egyptian plague, which contrasts with verse 42, where a different Hebrew word is used, which means "grasshopper.", named from the sound of its wings. An interesting point is noted of the terms "very high" and "very low" in verse 43, for the Hebrew of the first is "high, high" while that of the second is "low, low." "Yoke of iron" in verse 48 means "a heavy yoke or grievous bondage." (It has been pointed out, incidentally, that such an iron yoke is applied when people have resisted bearing the punishment of the lighter "wooden yoke.") The people of fierce countenance in verse 50 are, in Hebrew, "strong of face"

From those details, we may glimpse some of the particular meanings involved. Now let us consult The New Bible Commentary on this portion of the 28th Chapter of Deuteronomy. "Under the heading Sanctions of the law (xxviii. 1-68)" we read "Here is a great challenge to the human will. Moses pronounces beatitudes upon those who obey, and woes to the disobedient. ... Lv. xxvi also contains blessings and warnings, but there declension is expected, and after each falling away new punishments are added, and at the end a word of promise ... If the reader wonders at the extent and severity of the threatened curses, let him remember that some of our Lord's expressions were no less severe. On the lips of Moses they were warnings given in mercy, which, if they had been taken to heart, would have saved Israel from endless misery ... .

My own explanatory inclusions will interleaf with the quotes which follow, to clarify the statements for the listener. After comments pertaining to the blessings listed in the first 14 verses of Deuteronomy 28, the Commentary moves to that second portion which forms our focus at this time. It notes "Ezekiel spoke of God's four sore judgments, pestilence, the sword, famine and noisome beasts (xiv. 21), and of these the three first are elaborated here (verses 21ff.). Intended as a warning, they cannot be pressed too literally, although may of the details have been fulfilled to the letter ... . On the words "The botch of Egypt (27)" it notes "'The boil of Egypt' (RV). ... The Egyptian colouring of this verse should not be overlooked (see also verses 35, 60 and 68)." (Those verses likewise mention the "botch" or Egypt.) Other Biblical references are given, relating to several terms which then follow. "Oppressed and crushed" (33) connects to Hosea 5:11 (RV), (applying the condition to Ephraim) and "The sole of thy foot" (35) draws the connection with Exodus 9:11 (where the Egyptian magicians could not stand before Moses), while "Thou shalt not enjoy them" (41) 'They shall not be thine' (RV) draws the connection with Hosea 9:12 (which repeats the theme concerning loss of children). "As the eagle" (49) relates to Hosea 8:1 (which repeats the theme of swift approach, as an eagle), "A nation of fierce countenance" (50) (literally "strong of face", i.e. pitiless (cf. Daniel 8:23); from such enemies no human arm can save them. "He shall besiege thee" (52) draws the remark "The gruesome scenes here foretold [verses 52-57 (which speak of cannibalizing one's own babies)] were accomplished in the sieges of Samaria (2 Kings 6:28) and Jerusalem (Lamentations 2:20, 22).

Moving to verse 58, "This glorious and fearful name", the commentary states "The names of God in Deuteronomy will repay study. He is the "living God" (5:26); "the Lord God of thy fathers" (6:3); "the God of gods, and Lord of lords" (10:17; Revelation 19:16); "the Rock... a God of truth" (32:4); "the Most High" (32:8); "the eternal God" (33:27). But most commonly He is called "the Lord thy God."

The Commentary then moves to some further phrases. At the words "Written in the book of this law" (61), it says "See xxix. 21n., xxxi. 24n.; and Rev. xxii. 18. "The seven last plagues" (Rev. xv, xvi) contain many features in common with this chapter." "The Lord shall scatter thee" (64) has the notation "These prophetic words were fulfilled at the fall of Samaria and Jerusalem; again when Titus transported many Jews to the Egyptian mines, and even more terribly in the present era. The Lord shall bring thee into Egypt again (68) - At the beginning of the Christian era, the Jews formed a substantial portion of the population of the Nile Delta. See Hosea 8:13 (wherein Hosea similarly prophesies)."

Keil and Delitzsch add further insights on verses 15-68 beginning with the following words: "The Curses, in case Israel should not hearken to the voice of its God, to keep His commandments. After the announcement that all these (the following) curses would come upon the disobedient nation (ver. 15), the curse is proclaimed in all its extent, as covering all the relations of life, in a sixfold repetition of the word 'cursed' (vers. 16-19 ...); and the fulfilment of this threat in plagues and diseases, drought and famine, war, devastation of the land , and captivity of the people, is so depicted, that the infliction of these punishments stands out to view in ever increasing extent and fearfulness. We are not to record this, however, as a gradual heightening of the judgments of God, in proportion to the increasing rebellion of Israel, as in Lev. xxvi. 14sqq., although it is obvious that the punishments threatened did not fall upon the nation all at once, - Vers. 16-19 correspond precisely to vers. 3-6, so as to set forth the curse as the counterpart of the blessing, except that the basket and kneading-trough are mentioned before the fruit of the body."

Here, verses 20 to 26 are examined as the proclamation of the curse bursts upon the people in all its forms. Seven diseases are mentioned, that number stamping them as the work of God. Defeat in battle is to make the people "as a ball to play with", and the corpses of the slain would become food for the birds of prey and wild beasts - the greatest ignominy that could fall upon the dead, and therefore frequently held out as a threat against the ungodly. In verses 27 to 34, the second view depicts still further the visitation of God both by diseases of body and soul, and also by plunder and oppression on the part of their enemies. In verse 27, four incurable diseases are threatened... . In addition, there would come three psychical maladies; idiocy, blindness, and confusion of mind. With these afflictions, enemies could easily plunder the nation. Wife, house, vineyard, ox, ass, and sheep would be taken away by the foe; sons and daughters would go into captivity.

With verses 35-46, the third view shows the calamities as becoming symbols of the rejection of Israel from covenant relationship with The Lord. Leprosy as in vers 35 indicates loss of their spiritual nature and covenant relationship. In captivity, the nation would be forced to serve gods of wood and stone. The curse would fall upon every labour and enterprise in their land. Israel would be impoverished.

Verses 47-57 form the fourth view we see that a loving God must apply the iron yoke upon the nation wherein the hardest service would be exacted. The eagle can represent such nations as the Assyrians, Chaldeans and Romans.

Verses 58-60 form the fifth and last view wherein horrible calamities would be worse compounded as Israel hardens into disregard of the voice of their God which speaks through the divine laws given through the hand of Moses. God would become a fearful God towards Israel, even to finding pleasure in the destruction and annihilaton of Israel, should they move to such an extreme condition. We might remember the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus and the Roman army, in this connection.

We must keep in view that all these calamities are the counterpoints to those great and magnificent blessings which headed the 28th Chapter of Deuteronomy, and thus the stark choice lies before Israel both those of old time, and ourselves, even to this hour, as we realise that there is evidence that the generally Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred peoples are likewise descended of the same Tribes of which the Scriptures speak.

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