BIBLE STUDY SERIES #599, 600 and 601

18 May, 2003

JOSHUA 15: OCCUPIED AREAS - PART VII

By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.

Our present series of Bible Studies, which has continued for a number of years sequentially from the Call of Abram in Genesis 12, had, on our last Bible Study, covered the Scriptural record to that which is found in Joshua 15 to the end of verse 7.

For new listeners, we need to give a preliminary review. We had previously examined the records of the entry into The Promised Land, by the Israelites under Joshua, as they proceeded towards occupancy of Canaan. We had followed the Scriptural accounts of events at Jericho and Ai, and at the two mountains named Gerizim and Ebal, where Israel had nationally proclaimed acceptance of The LORD's Commandments.

In Joshua 9, we had learned of a treaty into which the unwary Israelite leadership had been trapped by the lies of the Gibeonites but also of its eventual outcome in the occupation of all of south Canaan, which alarmed northern Canaanitish kings who formed a great confederacy against Israel, including all the neighbouring peoples. This also ended in disaster for the enemies of Israel. Joshua 12, described the taking of Northern Canaan, and lists the forces which Israel had defeated to this point. Joshua 13 and 14 listed those sections of Canaan yet remaining to be taken by Israel. Today, we continue our summary account listing the areas conquered thus far, and those not yet taken, but lying within the area God had assigned to Abraham's descendants.

The theme "Caleb claims his homestead" had formed a prominent part of the account in Joshua 14 and 15, part of which we read last week. We ought to remember that assigning a portion of territory at this time to a tribe or a tribal leader did not necessarily mean that it had been cleared of the previous inhabitants. These might yet resist the occupancy of the land itself. You might wish to have your Bible open to Joshua 15:8, and a Bible map showing the Old Testament geography of the time, might be useful as well. We are presently describing the lot of the children of Judah, which was in the southern part of Canaan.

8. And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:

Hinnom - The Hebrew word means "lamentation" It is a valley (a deep and narrow ravine) with steep, rocky sides located southwest of Jerusalem, separating Mount Zion to the north from the hill of 'evil counsel and the sloping rocky plateau of the 'plain of Rephaim' to the south. Jeremiah 19:6 states "Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor the valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of slaughter. The name became noteworthy as the valley of false worship, involving the burning of one's children to Molech as when Manasseh, a king of Judah, in II Chronicles 33:6 "caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom" among his many sins. It was a place of the burning of refuse, (gheh-en-nah in Greek, = Hell), in many New Testament passages. It was the place where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned.

9. And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim:
10. And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:

Mount Seir was the name of a mountain in northern Judah, lying westward from Kirjath-jearim.

11. And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea.
12. And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families.

The Great Sea = The Mediterranean. The same Hebrew word, "Yam" (yawm), is used for "sea" in general, and variously for Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Dead Sea, Sea of Galilee and even for The Nile River, and also "seaward", "west" and "westward".

We now come to the allotment granted to Caleb. Caleb and Joshua were the only spies spared through 38 years of wilderness wandering after the rest of the Israelites above 20 years of age failed to accept the challenge of entering the Promised Land.

13. And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron.
14. And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
15. And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
16. And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
17. And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.

Here we find a woman who knew her own mind, as well she might, being the daughter of the famed Caleb, and it is she that takes the initiative to request the springs of water to accompany the grant of land given to her and her husband.

18. And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?
19. Who answered, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs.
20. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families.

The next section as noted by Keil and Delitzsch, covers verses 21-32, the towns in the south land - Negeb, of which sub-division occur as follows: Vers. 21-23, the first group of nine places toward the territory of Edom, then vers 24-25, the second group of five or six places, vers. 26-28, the third group of nine towns, and vers. 29-32, the four groups of thirteen towns in the western portion of the Negeb.

21. And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,
22. And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah,
23. And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan,
24. Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,
25. And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor,
26. Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,
27. And Hazargaddah, and Heshmon, and Bethpalet,
28. And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah,
29. Baalah, and Iim, and Azem,
30. And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah,
31. And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,
32. And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:

Ziklag means "winding" (= our word "zigzag?) was a city of David. (Episode: I Samuel 30:1-2 - Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; and had taken the women captives...(and) carried them away. David pursued and regained all that had been taken. Rimmon was a town in the southern portion of Judah allotted to Simeon. The name means "pomegranate.")

Vers. 33-47 are a listing noted by Keil and Delitzsch of "Towns in the lowland or shepheleh" which term is given as "the land between the mountains of Judah and the Mediterranean Sea "

33. And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,
34. And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam,
35. Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
36. And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:
37. Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad,
38. And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
39. Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
40. And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish,
41. And Gederoth, Bethdagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages:
42. Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,
43. And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib,
44. And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
45. Ekron, with her towns and her villages:
46. From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages:
47. Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:

Gaza is the area presently occupied by many Palestinians.

Keil and Delitzsch note of verses 48-60, that these are the five or six groups of towns on the mountains, a large ragged range of limestone mountains with many barren and naked peaks while the sides are for the most part covered with grass, shrubs, bushes, and trees, and the whole being intersected by many very fruitful valleys.

48. And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,
49. And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
50. And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,
51. And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages:
52. Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean,
53. And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,
54. And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
55. Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah,
56. And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,
57. Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages:
58. Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor,
59. And Maarath, and Bethanoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages:
60. Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
61. In the wilderness, Betharabah, Middin, and Secacah,
62. And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
63. As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.

The final verse of the chapter mentions that the Jebusites remained in Jerusalem, so that Judah could not take that famous city. It was left for King David to organize its capture, (I Chronicles 11:5-6).

These passages were written for our understanding and improvement. We hope to draw some further lessons from the themes presented as our Bible Studies proceed.

25 May, 2003

JOSHUA 16 - 17: OCCUPIED AREAS - PART VIII

By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.

Our present series of Bible Studies, which has continued for a number of years sequentially from the Call of Abram in Genesis 12, had, on our last Bible Study, covered the Scriptural record to that which is found in Joshua 15 to the end of that chapter.

For new listeners, we need to give a preliminary review. We had previously examined the records of the entry into The Promised Land, by the Israelites under Joshua, and followed the Scriptural accounts of events at Jericho and Ai, and at the two mountains named Gerizim and Ebal, where Israel had nationally proclaimed, acceptance of The LORD's Commandments.

In Joshua 9, we had learned of a treaty into which the unwary Israelite leadership had been trapped by the lies of the Gibeonites but also its eventual outcome in the occupation of all of south Canaan. Northern Canaanitish kings then formed a great confederacy against Israel, and this also ended in disaster for the enemies of Israel.

Joshua 12, described the taking of Northern Canaan, and lists the forces which Israel had defeated to this point. Joshua 13 and 14 listed those sections of Canaan yet remaining to be taken by Israel; a list which continued through Joshua 15. Today, we continue our summary account at Joshua 16:1, and as that chapter holds only ten verses, we shall add to that Chapter 17, wherein there are eighteen verses. In these two chapters we find that the two Tribes descended of the two sons of Joseph are assigned their territories. It is interesting to see how they were described by Joshua, seeing that we, of the British-Israel-World Federation place the literal descendants of those two tribes today mainly as the generally Anglo-Celto-Saxon and kindred peoples who are especially congregated in the territories known today as the British Commonwealth and the United States of America.

Remembering that half of the Tribe of Manasseh already, by now, resided east of the Jordan River, we will better understand the reference by Keil and Delitzsch to the remaining half. They introduce Chapter 16 with the words "The descendants of Joseph drew one lot, that the inheritance of the half tribe of Manasseh might not be separated from that of the tribe of Ephraim. But the territory was immediately divided between the two separate tribes of the children of Joseph, Ephraim receiving the southern portion of the land that had fallen to it by lot, and half Manasseh the northern. Accordingly we find the southern boundary of the whole territory described first of all in chap xvi. 1-4, both the boundary which separated it from the tribe of Benjamin ... and that which divided it from Dan ... ; Then the territory of Ephraim is given, with a minute description of the northern boundary ... and finally the territory assigned to the families of Manasseh ... without any precise delineation of its northern boundaries, all that is stated being that the Manassites touched Asher and Issachar towards the north, and also received some scattered towns with their villages in the territory of both those tribes ... . To this there is appended in vers. 14-18 the complaint of the children of Joseph concerning the inheritance that had fallen to them. Let us now read Joshua 16:

1. And the lot of the children of Joseph fell from Jordan by Jericho, unto the water of Jericho on the east, to the wilderness that goeth up from Jericho throughout mount Bethel,
2. And goeth out from Bethel to Luz, and passeth along unto the borders of Archi to Ataroth,
3. And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea.
4. So the children of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim, took their inheritance.
5. And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families was thus: even the border of their inheritance on the east side was Atarothaddar, unto Bethhoron the upper;
6. And the border went out toward the sea to Michmethah on the north side; and the border went about eastward unto Taanathshiloh, and passed by it on the east to Janohah;
7. And it went down from Janohah to Ataroth, and to Naarath, and came to Jericho, and went out at Jordan.
8. The border went out from Tappuah westward unto the river Kanah; and the goings out thereof were at the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim by their families.
9. And the separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.
10. And they drave not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites unto this day, and serve under tribute.

As Joshua 17 carries forward the same account we will now read it as well:

1. There was also a lot for the tribe of Manasseh; for he was the firstborn of Joseph; to wit, for Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead: because he was a man of war, therefore he had Gilead and Bashan.
2. There was also a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh by their families; for the children of Abiezer, and for the children of Helek, and for the children of Asriel, and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of Hepher, and for the children of Shemida: these were the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph by their families.

We now arrive at mention of those five daughters of Zelophehad who, having no brother to receive their father's inheritance, had stood bravely, and perhaps rather audaciously in the eyes of some, before Moses and Eleazar the priest, and before all the princes and the congregation of Israel, back in Numbers 27:1-11, to request an inheritance in their own right, although as daughters, this had not previously been the rule in Israel. Their complaint had been upheld by The LORD, Who had made it henceforth a law in Israel. Their appeal had brought about a most significant amplification of that law of inheritance, which would have ramifications down the centuries and millennia. A daughter, without male siblings, was empowered to inherit a possession among the males in Israel. It was a law by which the later Monarchy might thus be transferred, and which also gave sanction to allow Mary to be the link by which Jesus would, by fleshly line of descent from King David, be termed "the son of David." (See Matthew 1:1; 21:9 and Luke 1:32, which specifically mentions the "throne of his father David.") Reading from verse 3:

3. But Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but daughters: and these are the names of his daughters, Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
4. And they came near before Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the princes, saying, The LORD commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brethren. Therefore according to the commandment of the LORD he gave them an inheritance among the brethren of their father.
5. And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan;
6. Because the daughters of Manasseh had an inheritance among his sons: and the rest of Manasseh's sons had the land of Gilead.

I might mention that the daughters were told to choose a marriage within their tribe, that their lands should not pass out of the allotment granted to Manasseh.

7. And the coast of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethah, that lieth before Shechem; and the border went along on the right hand unto the inhabitants of Entappuah.
8. Now Manasseh had the land of Tappuah: but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim;
9. And the coast descended unto the river Kanah, southward of the river: these cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh: the coast of Manasseh also was on the north side of the river, and the outgoings of it were at the sea:
10. Southward it was Ephraim's, and northward it was Manasseh's, and the sea is his border; and they met together in Asher on the north, and in Issachar on the east.
11. And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Bethshean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Endor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns, even three countries.
12. Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. 13. Yet it came to pass, when the children of Israel were waxen strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute; but did not utterly drive them out.
14. And the children of Joseph spake unto Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me but one lot and one portion to inherit, seeing I am a great people, forasmuch as the LORD hath blessed me hitherto?
15. And Joshua answered them, If thou be a great people, then get thee up to the wood country, and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for thee.
16. And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.
17. And Joshua spake unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, Thou art a great people, and hast great power: thou shalt not have one lot only:
18. But the mountain shall be thine; for it is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.

It may be noted that, just as Judah could not succeed in ejecting the Canaanites from Jerusalem at this time, so, likewise, the two sons of Joseph found difficulty in taking possession of their allotted inheritance also. These passages were written for our understanding and improvement. There is more to see in these ancient acts than at first would appear. We hope to draw some further lessons from the themes presented as our Bible Study sequence proceeds. We shall continue these Bible Studies next week.

1 June, 2003

JOSHUA 18 - 19 OCCUPIED AREAS - PART IX

By Douglas C. Nesbit, B.A.

Our present series of Bible Studies, which has continued for a number of years sequentially from the Call of Abram in Genesis 12, had, on our last Bible Study, covered the Scriptural record to that which is found in Joshua 16 and Joshua 17 to the end of that chapter.

For new listeners, we need to give a preliminary review. We had previously examined the records of the entry into The Promised Land, by the Israelites under Joshua, and followed the Scriptural accounts of events at Jericho and Ai, and at the two mountains named Gerizim and Ebal, where Israel had nationally proclaimed, acceptance of The LORD's Commandments.

In Joshua 9, we had learned of a treaty into which the unwary Israelite leadership had been trapped by the lies of the Gibeonites but it eventuated in the occupation of all of south Canaan. A northern Canaanitish confederacy of kings then came against Israel, but this also ended in disaster for these enemies of Israel.

Joshua 12, described the taking of Northern Canaan, and lists the forces which Israel had defeated to this point. Joshua 13 and 14 listed those sections of Canaan yet remaining to be taken by Israel; a list which continued through Joshua 17. Today, we continue our summary account at Joshua 18:1, which centres chiefly upon the lands granted to the Tribe of Benjamin, their territories and cities. We, of the British-Israel-World Federation incline to place the literal descendants of that tribe mainly with the Norsemen, and kindred peoples of Iceland, and some related folk in the territories of Northwest and Scandinavian Europe. Some might possibly also have had an early part in the founding of Rome.

However, before this, attention is given to the setting up of the Tabernacle at Shiloh. Keil and Delitzsch note in connection with this part of the chapter: "As soon as the tribe of Ephraim had received its inheritance, Joshua commanded the whole congregation to assemble in Shiloh, and there set up the tabernacle, in order that, as the land was conquered, the worship of Jehovah might henceforth be regularly observed in accordance with the law. The selection of Shiloh as the site for the sanctuary was hardly occasioned by the fitness of the place for this purpose, on account of its being situated upon a mountain in the centre of the land, for there were many other places that would have been quite as suitable in this respect; the reason is rather to be found in the name of the place, viz. Shiloh, i.e. rest, which called to mind the promised Shiloh (Gen. xlix. 10), and therefore appeared to be pre-eminently suitable to be the resting-place of the sanctuary of the Lord, where His name was to dwell in Israel, until He should come who was to give true rest to His people as the Prince of Peace. In any case, however, Joshua did not follow his own judgment in selecting Shiloh for this purpose, but acted in simple accordance with the instructions of God, as the Lord had expressly reserved to himself the choice of the place where His name should dwell (Deut. xii. 11). ... The tabernacle continued standing at Shiloh during the time of the judges, until the ark of the covenant fell into the hands of the Philistines, in the lifetime of Eli, when the holy tent was robbed of its soul, and reduced to the mere shadow of a sanctuary. After this it was removed to Nob (I Sam. xxi. 2); but in consequence of the massacre inflicted by Saul upon the inhabitants of this place (I Sam. xxii. 19), it was taken to Gibeon (I Kings iii. 4 ...). From this time forward Shiloh continued to decline, because the Lord had rejected it (Ps. lxxviii. 60; Jer. vii. 12, xxvi. 6)."

We are reading from Joshua 18:

1. And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them.
2. And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance.
3. And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, How long are ye slack to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you?
4. Give out from among you three men for each tribe: and I will send them, and they shall rise, and go through the land, and describe it according to the inheritance of them; and they shall come again to me.
5. And they shall divide it into seven parts: Judah shall abide in their coast on the south, and the house of Joseph shall abide in their coasts on the north.
6. Ye shall therefore describe the land into seven parts, and bring the description hither to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the LORD our God.
7. But the Levites have no part among you; for the priesthood of the LORD is their inheritance: and Gad, and Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh, have received their inheritance beyond Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave them.
8. And the men arose, and went away: and Joshua charged them that went to describe the land, saying, Go and walk through the land, and describe it, and come again to me, that I may here cast lots for you before the LORD in Shiloh.
9. And the men went and passed through the land, and described it by cities into seven parts in a book, and came again to Joshua to the host at Shiloh.
10. And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.
11. And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph.
12. And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north side, and went up through the mountains westward; and the goings out thereof were at the wilderness of Bethaven.
13. And the border went over from thence toward Luz, to the side of Luz, which is Bethel, southward; and the border descended to Atarothadar, near the hill that lieth on the south side of the nether Bethhoron.
14. And the border was drawn thence, and compassed the corner of the sea southward, from the hill that lieth before Bethhoron southward; and the goings out thereof were at Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, a city of the children of Judah: this was the west quarter.
15. And the south quarter was from the end of Kirjathjearim, and the border went out on the west, and went out to the well of waters of Nephtoah:
16. And the border came down to the end of the mountain that lieth before the valley of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley of the giants on the north, and descended to the valley of Hinnom, to the side of Jebusi on the south, and descended to Enrogel,
17. And was drawn from the north, and went forth to Enshemesh, and went forth toward Geliloth, which is over against the going up of Adummim, and descended to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben,
18. And passed along toward the side over against Arabah northward, and went down unto Arabah:
19. And the border passed along to the side of Bethhoglah northward: and the outgoings of the border were at the north bay of the salt sea at the south end of Jordan: this was the south coast.
20. And Jordan was the border of it on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, by the coasts thereof round about, according to their families.
21. Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin according to their families were Jericho, and Bethhoglah, and the valley of Keziz,
22. And Betharabah, and Zemaraim, and Bethel,
23. And Avim, and Parah, and Ophrah,
24. And Chepharhaammonai, and Ophni, and Gaba; twelve cities with their villages:
25. Gibeon, and Ramah, and Beeroth,
26. And Mizpeh, and Chephirah, and Mozah,
27. And Rekem, and Irpeel, and Taralah,
28. And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.

Perhaps we just have time to read a part of Joshua 19, which deals with the lot granted to Simeon, as it was generally merged with that of Judah:

1. And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.
2. And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, or Sheba, and Moladah,
3. And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem,
4. And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah,
5. And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah,
6. And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages:
7. Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages:
8. And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families.
9. Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.

The tribe of Simeon, today, I tend to place at least in part in the region of Spain for several reasons, and one of these is that link with the tribesmen of Judah, some of whom also seem to have made early migratory journeys in the direction of the Iberian (i.e. Heber-ian) peninsula. Certainly the Arbroath Declaration mentions a stay of twelve hundred years there for the Scots who later migrated to Scotland, and who bear marks of the Tribe of Judah. We plan to continue our sequence of Studies next week.

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